Git-based installation

If you want to participate in the Mapbender3 development or for some other reasons want to use the Git repositories from Mapbender3, follow this guide instead of the normal download. This guide is based on Ubuntu 12.04. For other distributions, you may need to adapt, especially package names like sphinx-common.

First check the prerequisites at Installation.

For git-based installations you also need:

  • git - have a look at the Quick primer on using Git to get familiar with git
  • cURL - command line tool for transferring data with URL syntax, supporting HTTP, HTTPS and more
  • pear - PHP Extension and Application Repository
  • Phing - Phing Is Not GNU make; it’s a PHP project build system or build tool based on ​Apache Ant.
  • php5-dev - Of course the files for PHP5 module development.

Cloning the Repository

Get the code from the git repository. Cloning is easy, just issue the following command in your shell:

git clone -b develop git:// mapbender3

Developers granted secure access to the code must use the SSH-URL of the repository:

Fetching the Submodules

The starter application does not include the Mapbender3 bundles, these are kept in a repository of their own and are included as a submodule of the starter repository. To fetch them, issue the following command at the root directory of your cloned repository:

cd mapbender3
    git submodule update --init --recursive


Our build system uses cURL to fetch some remote components, therefore you need to install the cURL command line tool:

sudo apt-get install curl

Build management using Phing

Build management is done using Phing which is installed using Pear. So, first we need to get Pear, we are assuming a Debian-based system here:

sudo apt-get install php-pear

We then tell Pear where to autodiscover it’s repositories and for good measure, update Pear:

sudo pear config-set auto_discover 1
sudo pear upgrade-all
  Enable full APC compatibility [yes] : yes
  Enable internal debugging in APCu [no] : yes

Then let’s get Phing:

sudo pear channel-discover
sudo pear install phing/phing


Symfony2 needs a more recent PHPUnit than for example comes with Ubuntu 12.04. So we will use Pear to install PHPUnit:

sudo pear install phpunit/PHPUnit

Our build scripts need some more dependencies to run unit test, generate documentation and build installation packages.

Once you have installed the dependencies listed below, you can get an overview of available build tasks by issuing

phing -l

The first task you want to - actually need to - execute is the deps task, which uses Composer to install the runtime dependencies like Symfony and Doctrine:

So, first install Composer (more information at

curl -sS | php

Create a configuration file called parameters.yml. Copy the file application/app/config/parameters.yml.dist.

cd application/app/config/
cp parameters.yml.dist parameters.yml

And afterwards get the runtime dependencies like Symfony and Doctrine:

./composer.phar update

Next steps from Installation

Now follow the steps that are described in Installation:

Notice: Please note that the git based code has an additional directory application (mapbender3/application/...).

  • Adapting the configuration file parameters.yml
  • Creating the database
  • Creating the database schema
  • Copying/Linking the bundles’ assets to the public web directory
  • Initializing the role system
  • Creating the “root” user
  • Inserting srs parameters
  • Inserting of applications from mapbender.yml into the database

Learn more about app/console

The Symfony Console Component makes it possible to create command-line commands. Doctrine for example comes with a couple of command-line commands you can use.

Read more in the Symfony documentation about Console Commands.

Here are some commands to help to find information:

app/console                        - lists all assets
app/console help                   - displays help
app/console help list              - displays help for a special command
app/console doctrine               - lists all functions from Doctrine
app/console mapbender              - lists all functions from mapbender
app/console help assets:install    - help for a special command

Learn how to generate Mapbender elements with app/console mapbender:generate:element at Wie können eigene Elemente erzeugt werden?.

Update your installation

As development goes on you want to stay up-to-date with the code on github.

There are following steps you have to do to stay up-to-date

  • get the code from the mapbender-starter repository
  • update the submodules
  • update your database so that new structures (tables, columns) will be created
cd mapbender-starter
git pull
git submodule update --init --recursive
cd application
./composer.phar update --dev
app/console doctrine:schema:update


Sphinx is used to build the documentation you are reading right now. On Debian- based systems, you can use apt to install Sphinx:

sudo apt-get install sphinx-common

You find the Mapbender3 documentation at github at mapbender-documentation. Get the clone like this:

git clone git://

Developers granted secure access to the code must use the SSH-URL of the repository:

Read more about How to write Mapbender3 Documentation?.


ApiGen is our API documentation generator of choice. It can also be installed using Pear, so use the following command:

sudo pear install

Read more about How to write Mapbender3 API Documentation?.


  • The ApiGen task only works with recent versions of Phing (>= 2.4.12). Check the Phing version with
phing -v

You can update all your Pear packages with

  sudo pear upgrade-all
Enable full APC compatibility [yes] : yes
Enable internal debugging in APCu [no] : yes

Using the script

A Python script to quickly install a mapbender-starter is provided with the mapbender-starter itself. You can download that script, which offers a number of command line arguments:

  • branch: by default, the develop branch is used, but you can specify any branch
  • directory: by default the directory mapbender3_BRANCH will be used, but that can be specified as well.
  • admin user: the default admin account (root <> / root) can be changed as well.

You can download the script or just pass it’s URL to curl to fetch it and pipe the result trough Python. The later is demonstrated in the examples section below.

Examples is the shortened URL for

  • Install develop branch into mapbender3_develop

    curl -sSL | python
  • Install foo branch into /tmp/bar

    curl -sSL | python - --dir=/tmp/bar foo
  • Install develop branch, but use admin <> with password admin

    curl -sSL | python - --username=admin --password=admin